【Intel启动10nm工厂 - 本季度开始试产,Cannonlake按预定2017年上半年发布】Intel Starts Up 10nm Factory – Trial Production Will Begin This Quarter, 10nm Canonnonlake Processors On Track For 2H 2017
Intel Corporation has finally started up their 10nm fabrication facility and the prototyping phase is expected to begin soon. The company will enter trial production stage this quarter and the costs for doing so have been counted in the financial outlook for the third quarter 2016. The company has also confirmed that it has begun shipping Kaby Lake processors to customers – right on cue.
Cannonlake processors on track as Intel starts up 10nm factory
Intel may have killed off (or drastically modified depending on your choice of syntax) Moore’s Law but the company still remains very much dedicated to beating physics and shrinking those pesky transistors that we can no longer live without. The company will be starting up the 10nm factory this quarter (the cost for which is included in the outlook for Q3 if you are curious enough to dig into the financials) and reaffirms that the 10nm Cannonlake processors are indeed on track. If the company’s historic track record is anything to go by, the company should enter into trial production later this year and should be able to ramp up to volume production by the end of 1H 2017.
Intel’s 14nm process entering mainstream market was delayed by about 6-9 months depending on your perspective, however, even with this relatively big delay, Intel managed to keep its node lead over other third party fabrication facilities like TSMC and Samsung. As we have already pointed out before, Intel’s 14nm node is very clearly the best one out there – with no competition. These advantages include better gate length, pitches and SRAM scaling among other things.
【Intel 14nm进入市场比预定的要晚6-9个月，然而就算推迟了这么久，Intel的14nm依然是最好的 - 比台漏电和三棒都要好。优势包括栅长、线宽以及大容量SRAM等等】
Intel made it a point to mention that all these advantages and improvements will remain in affect for 10nm atleast. The scaling will remain the same while the density rises, and cost per transistor plummets. Intel has entered the sweet spot at the top of the line and now the only major problem remains beating physics every time. At 7nm and below physics breaks down pretty quickly and quantum physics effects start becoming a serious problem.
To assuage fears, Intel claims that the rollout time to 10nm will be upto 50% faster than 14nm. The slides also show assorted materials and technologies that are currently being researched to be able to function as workable computer transistors. These include highly practical and existing tech such as EUV (Extreme Ultra Violet Lithography) to III-V wafers and even tech that has yet to leave the lab properly like nanotubes, nanowires and graphene. Naturally Intel has yet to choose its race horse in the fight after 7nm but this indicates that all of the technologies are being researched concurrently.
Kaby Lake has already started shipping【Kaby Lake已经开始出货】
Intel has also confirmed that their Kaby Lake series of processors which constitute the last iteration of the tick-tock-tock schema for 14nm processors has already started shipping out to customers. Kaby Lake is the “Optimization” part of their Process Architecture Optimization strategy and means that it will be perfecting the 14nm process node, offering a mature build for their Kaby Lake processors.
【Intel证实，14nm的最后一代Kaby Lake已经开始出货。Kaby Lake是Intel三步走的最后一步 - “优化”，意味着对14nm制程的优化，为Kaby Lake提供更加成熟的基础。】
Both desktop and mobility Kaby Lake processors will feature several SKUs. These include some key lineups such as Kaby Lake U, Kaby Lake Y, Kaby Lake H and Kaby Lake S chips. There could be more but so far we can only confirm these SKUs. The specifications for each respective SKU and the chips derived from these lines can be seen in a detailed table below.
【桌面和移动版都有几个产品。包括Kaby Lake U/Y/H/S。实际可能比这更多，但目前我们只能确认这些。具体规格见下表。】